Optimum Shapes and Sizes on Torsion Behaviour of I-Beam with Web Opening
School of Civil Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
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Numerical study on torsion behaviour of I-beam with web opening was carried out and presented in this paper. Optimum shapes and sizes which enhance the torsion behaviour of the I-beam with web opening as well as lead to economic design in terms of both manufacture and usage.Comparison is made between I-beam without web opening and I-beam with various shapes and sizes of web opening. Different types of finite elements model, sizes and types of web opening were used to investigate the effect of various shapes and sizes of web opening on the torsion behaviour. The results are expressed in terms of torsional rotation. It is concluded that I-beam without web opening has lower torsional resistance compared to that of I-beam with various shapes of web opening. Meanwhile, the model 2 is the optimum model compare to model 1.The size of opening has slightly effect on the torsional angles values. It was noted that the optimum web opening size is 0.5D due to the low values of the torsional angle values compared with 0.6D and 0.7D.
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