Research of Snow-Melt Process on a Heated Platform
1 JSC «NIIMosstroy», Moscow, Russia, 119192, Moscow, Vinnitskaya Street, house 8
2 JSC «Insolar-Energo», Moscow, Russia, 121433, Moscow, Filevskaya Street, house 32, building 3
3 Department of Economics and Managing the City Construction, Engineering and Economic Faculty of the Russian Plekhanov Economic Academy, Russia, 115054, Moscow
The article has shown the results of experimental researches of the snow-melt on a heated platform-near building heat-pump snow-melt platform. The near-building (yard) heat pump platforms for snow melt with the area up to 10-15 m2 are a basis of the new ideology of organization of the street cleaning of Moscow from snow in the winter period which supposes the creation in the megalopolis of the «distributed snow-melt system» (DSMS) using non-traditional energy sources. The results of natural experimental researches are presented for the estimation of efficiency of application in the climatic conditions of Moscow of heat pumps in the snow-melt systems. The researches were conducted on a model sample of the near-building heat-pump platform which uses the low-potential thermal energy of atmospheric air. The conducted researches have confirmed experimentally in the natural conditions the possibility and efficiency of using of atmospheric air as a source of low-potential thermal energy for evaporation of the snow-melt heat pump systems in the climatic conditions of Moscow. The results of laboratory researches of snow-melt process on a heated horizontal platform are presented. The researches have revealed a considerable dependence of efficiency of the snow-melt process on its piling mode (form-building) and the organization of the process of its piling mode (form-building) and the organization of the process of its (snow mass) heat exchange with the surface of the heated platform. In the process of researches the effect of formation of an «ice dome» under the melting snow mass called by the fact that in case of the thickness of snow loaded on the platform more than 10 cm the water formed from the melting snow while the contact with the heating surface don’t spread on it, but soaks into the snow, wets it due to capillary effect and freezes. The formation of «ice dome» leads to a sharp increase of snow-melt period and decreases the operating efficiency of the snow-melt platform as a whole.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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