Technical Solution for Protection of Heat Pump Evaporators Against Freezing the Moisture Condensed
1 JSC «NIIMosstroy», Moscow, Russia, 119192, Moscow, Vinnitskaya Streat, house 8
2 JSC «Insolar-Energo», Moscow, Russia, 121433, Moscow, Filevskaya Street, house 32, building 3
3 Moscow Architectural instiute (State Academy), Moscow, RozhdestvenkaStreet, house 11/4
Corresponding author: email@example.com
This article is dedicated to the study of the processes of formation and freezing of condensate in heat exchangers using ambientair heat and is prepared according to the results of experimental investigations. The aim of this work has been set to elaboratean energy-independent technical solution for protection of heat-exchange equipment against freezing the moisture condensed on the heat-exchange surfaces while using the low-potential heat of ambient air in heat pump systems. The investigations have shown that at the temperatures of ambient air close to 0°C when using the «traditional» way of defrostation, which means the reverse mode of operation of heat pump, an intensive formation of ice is observed at the bottom part of evaporator (if not provided with tray heater). This effect is provoked by downward flow of thawed water and it’s freezing in the lower part of the heat-exchanger due to the fact that the tray and housing of heat pump have a temperature below zero. Thereafter, while the defrostation mode has been periodically used, the ice coat would be going to continue its growth, and by time significant area of evaporator could appear to be covered with ice. The results of the investigations presented in the article could be applied both to air-source heat pumps and to ventilation air heat recuperators.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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