Mechanical and Morphological Properties of Nano Filler Polyester Composites
1 Nanocomposite Material & industrial Applications Research Group, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi Mara Shah Alam, 40450 Selangor, Malaysia
2 Materials Technology Programme, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi Mara Shah Alam 40450 Selangor, Malaysia
a Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
This research is focusing on mechanical and morphological properties of unsaturated polyester (UP) reinforced with two different types of filler which is nano size clay Cloisite 30B (C30B) and Carbon Black (CB). Samples were fabricated via hand lay-up and open molding technique. Percentages of Cloisite 30B & Carbon Black (CB) used vary from 0, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 wt%. The mechanical properties were evaluated by impact, flexural and hardness testing. Result shows that the mechanical strength of C30B was better compare to CB filled composite. The combination of UP with C30B helps to improve the properties due to the high surface area of nanosize filler in the matrix. The result shows that increasing of filler content had increased mechanical properties of composites. Optimum percentage represent good mechanical properties are 4% for both fillers. SEM images showed that rough surface image indicate to agglomeration of filler in the matrix for CB sample and smooth surface image on C30B sample indicate to homogenous blending between filler and matrix polyester. SEM images proved that mechanical properties result indicate that C30B polyester composite is a good reinforcement compare to CB polyester composite.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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