Mathematical Simulation of Convective Heat Transfer in the Low-Temperature Storage of Liquefied Natural Gas
National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, 634050 Tomsk, Russia
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The article shows the results of mathematical modeling of convective heat transfer in the low-temperature storage of liquefied natural gas. Regime of natural convection in an enclosure with different intensity of the heat flux at the external borders are investigated. Was examined two-dimensional nonstationary problem within the model of Navier-Stokes in dimensionless variables “vorticity - stream function - temperature”. Distributions of hydrodynamic parameters and temperatures that characterize the basic regularities of the processes are obtained. Circulating flows are determined and carried out the analysis of vortices formation mechanism and the temperature distribution in solution at conditions of natural convection when the Grashof number (Gr = 106). A significant influence of heat transfer rate on solutions boundary on flow structure and temperature field in LNG storage tanks.
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