Powder metallurgy and mechanical alloying effects on the formation of thermally induced martensite in an FeMnSiCrNi SMA
1 Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering, The “Gheorghe Asachi” Technical University of Iaşi, Bd. D. Mangeron 67, 700050 Iaşi, Romania
2 Particulate Materials Laboratory, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Department, Istanbul Technical University, 34469 Maslak, Istanbul, Turkey
a Corresponding author: email@example.com
By ingot metallurgy (IM, melting, alloying and casting), powder metallurgy (PM, using as-blended elemental powders) and mechanical alloying (MA of 50 % of particle volume), three types of FeMnSiCrNi shape memory alloy (SMA) specimens were fabricated, respectively. After specimen thickness reduction by hot rolling, solution treatments were applied, at 973 and 1273 K, to thermally induce martensite. The resulting specimens were analysed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), in order to reveal the presence of ε (hexagonal close-packed, hcp) and α’ (body centred cubic, bcc) thermally induced martensites. The reversion of thermally induced martensites, to γ (face centred cubic, fcc) austenite, during heating, was confirmed by dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), which emphasized marked increases of storage modulus and obvious internal friction maxima on DMA thermograms. The results proved that the increase of porosity degree, after PM processing, increased internal friction, while MA enhanced crystallinity degree.
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