The High Performance Shape Memory Effect (HP-SME) in Ni Rich NiTi Wires: In Situ X-Ray Diffraction on Thermal Cycling
1 CNR-IENI, National Research Council, Institute for Energetic and Interphases, Corso Promessi Sposi 29, Lecco, Italy
2 Elettra - Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., S.S. 14 Km 163,5 in AREA Science Park IT-34149 Basovizza, Trieste (IT)
a Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
A novel approach for using Shape Memory Alloys (SMA) was recently proposed and named highperformance shape memory effect (HP-SME). The HP-SME exploits the thermal cycling of stress-induced martensite for producing extremely high mechanical work with a very stable functional fatigue behaviour in Ni rich NiTi alloy. The latter was found to differ significantly from the functional fatigue behaviour observed for conventional SMA. This study was undertaken in order to elucidate the microstructural modifications at the basis of this particular feature. To this purpose, the functional fatigue was coupled to in situ Synchrotron Radiation X-Ray Diffraction, by recording patterns on wires thermally cycled by Joule effect under a constant applied stress (800 MPa). The accurate analysis the line profile XRD data suggests the accumulation of defects upon functional cycling, while the fibre texture was not observed to change. The functional fatigue exhibits a very similar behaviour as the line broadening of XRD peaks, thus suggesting the accumulation of dislocations as the origin of the mechanism of the permanent deformation.
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