Geometry of polycrystals and microstructure
1 Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford, Andrew Wiles Building, Radcliffe Observatory Quarter, Woodstock Road, Oxford OX2 6GG, U.K.
2 Department of Mathematics, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Unter den Linden 6, D-10099 Berlin, FRG
We investigate the geometry of polycrystals, showing that for polycrystals formed of convex grains the interior grains are polyhedral, while for polycrystals with general grain geometry the set of triple points is small. Then we investigate possible martensitic morphologies resulting from intergrain contact. For cubic-totetragonal transformations we show that homogeneous zero-energy microstructures matching a pure dilatation on a grain boundary necessarily involve more than four deformation gradients. We discuss the relevance of this result for observations of microstructures involving second and third-order laminates in various materials. Finally we consider the more specialized situation of bicrystals formed from materials having two martensitic energy wells (such as for orthorhombic to monoclinic transformations), but without any restrictions on the possible microstructure, showing how a generalization of the Hadamard jump condition can be applied at the intergrain boundary to show that a pure phase in either grain is impossible at minimum energy.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2015
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