On the advances of automatic modal identification for SHM
1 Federal University of Ouro Preto, Department of Civil Engineering, Ouro Preto, Brazil.
2 Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Department of Applied Computational Mechanics, Juiz de Fora, Brazil.
a Corresponding author: email@example.com
Structural health monitoring of civil infrastructures has great practical importance for engineers, owners and stakeholders. Numerous researches have been carried out using long-term monitoring, for instance the Rio-Niterói Bridge in Brazil, the former Z24 Bridge in Switzerland, the Millau Bridge in France, among others. In fact, some structures are monitored 24/7 in order to supply dynamic measurements that can be used for the identification of structural problems such as the presence of cracks, excessive vibration, damage or even to perform a quite extensive structural evaluation concerning its reliability and life cycle. The outputs of such an analysis, commonly entitled modal identification, are the so-called modal parameters, i.e. natural frequencies, damping ratios and mode shapes. Therefore, the development and validation of tools for the automatic identification of modal parameters based on the structural responses during normal operation is fundamental, as the success of subsequent damage detection algorithms depends on the accuracy of the modal parameters estimates. The proposed methodology uses the data driven stochastic subspace identification method (SSI-DATA), which is then complemented by a novel procedure developed for the automatic analysis of the stabilization diagrams provided by the SSI-DATA method. The efficiency of the proposed approach is attested via experimental investigations on a simply supported beam tested in laboratory and on a motorway bridge.
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