Settlement Impact Analysis and Countermeasure Research of the Down Traversing Formed by the Double-Arch Subway Tunnels through the Existing Railways in Loess Area
1 Chang’an University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, China
2 China Railway First Survey and Design Institute Group Co., LTD, Xi’an, Shanxi, China
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
With the large-scale construction of city subways, the down traversing formed by subway running tunnels through the existing railways or railway yards are increasing day by day. Down traversing in shield method becomes common; however, the engineering cases which can be referable in the down traversing formed by the shallow-buried excavation of double-arch tunnels through the existing railways are very little. The ability to effectively control the excavation of shallow-buried subway tunnels can directly affect the safety of railway operation. According to the engineering characteristics of the down traversing formed by the shallow-buried excavation of double-arch tunnels in loessial layer, this paper proposed the standards for railway bed and track settlement control, and offers underground water treatment measures with assistant steps implemented on the ground surface during construction, so as to ensure the railway operation safety during the construction of the tunnel. Moreover, this paper applied MIDAS-GTS finite element software to make numerical simulation analysis of the down traversing formed by the double-arch tunnel through the railway and obtained the deformation laws during down traversing. The calculations suggest the railway track deformation caused by the down traversing construction of the double-arch tunnel in this project can meet related control standard requirements. There’s certain reference value contained in the deformation laws for the point locations of monitoring measurement. The research conclusions can provide scientific proof and technical guidance for the design and construction of this running tunnel project in order to offer reference for similar projects in the future.
Key words: subway / double-arch tunnel / existing railway / settlement control / groundwater control / deformation laws
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2015
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