Design and Analysis of an all-fiber MZI Interleaver Based on Fiber Ring Resonator
1 School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Lanzhou Jiaotong University, Lanzhou, Gansu, China
2 School of Mathematics and Physics, Lanzhou Jiaotong University, Lanzhou, Gansu, China
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
An all-fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) interleaver using one planar 3×3 fiber coupler, one 2×2 fiber coupler and one 8-shaped fiber ring resonator is developed by the new configuration. Based on its structure, the output spectrum expression is established and described by using the principle of fiber transmission and the matrix transfer function. The results of numerical simulation indicate that when the length difference of interference arms and the coupling coefficients of the couplers are some certain values, it obtains a uniform flat-top passband and similar to rectangular output spectrum. Compared with the traditional MZI interleaver, the isolation in stopband and the rolloff in transition band are strengthen, the 25dB stopband bandwidth and 0.5dB passband bandwidth are simultaneously remarkably improved. Compared with the asymmetrical ring resonator MZI interleaver, the influence of transmission loss on extinction ratio can be effectively reduced. The device has a certain ability to resist the deviation, which reduces the difficulties in fabricating it. The experiment results agree with the theoretical analysis well. The interleaver designed by the proposed approach has favorable performance, which has the potential application value in optical fiber communication system.
Key words: interleaver / fiber ring resonator / fiber coupler / Mach-Zehnder interferometer(MZI) / equivalent bandwidth
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2015
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