Effect of thermal exposure on microstructure and nano-hardness of broached Inconel 718
1 Division of Engineering Materials, Linköping University, 58183 Linköping, Sweden
2 Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery AB, 61283 Finspång, Sweden
3 Division of Production and Materials Engineering, Lund University, 22100 Lund, Sweden
a Corresponding author: email@example.com
Inconel 718 is a high strength, heat resistant superalloy that is used extensively for components in hot sections of gas turbine engines. This paper presents an experimental study on the thermal stability of broached Inconel 718 in terms of microstructure and nano-hardness. The broaching process used in this study is similar to that used in gas turbine industries for machining fir-tree root fixings on turbine discs. Severe plastic deformation was found under the broached surface. The plastic deformation induces a work-hardened layer in the subsurface region with a thickness of ∼50 μm. Thermal exposure was conducted at two temperatures, 550 ∘C and 650 ∘C respectively, for 300 h. Recrystallization occurs in the surface layer during thermal exposure at 550 ∘C and α-Cr precipitates as a consequence of the growth of recrystallized δ phases. More recrystallized grains with a larger size form in the surface layer and the α-Cr not only precipitates in the surface layer, but also in the sub-surface region when the thermal exposure temperature goes up to 650 ∘C. The thermal exposure leads to an increase in nano-hardness both in the work-hardened layer and in the bulk material due to the coarsening of the main strengthening phase γ′′.
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