Characterization of abnormal grain coarsening in Alloy 718
1 University of Manchester, School of Materials, Grosvenor Street, Manchester M1 7HS, UK
2 Otto Fuchs KG, Abt. 05/2, Derschlager str. 26, 58540 Meinerzhagen, Germany
a Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Even though the phenomenon of abnormal grain coarsening (AGC) or “exploded grains” has been known to occur in Alloy 718 industrial forgings there is still no satisfactory explanation for it. For this reason, detailed microstructure analysis has been carried out in normal and abnormal regions. Electron Backscatter Diffraction (EBSD) was employed to determine grain size, boundary distribution and measure stored energy, while backscattered imagining in a FEGSEM was used to measure δ precipitate size and morphology. It was found that abnormal regions show almost 3 times as many twin boundaries compared to a normal region. In addition, the δ phase morphologies differ very significantly when comparing these two different regions. Normal regions display δ phase with a plate like nature, whereas in abnormal regions, δ particles appear to be more spherical. Furthermore, there are clear indications of differences in δ volume fractions between the two regions. Whilst in normal regions the δ phase is found predominantly at grain boundaries, in abnormal regions the δ is also found within grains. Both backscatter images and EBSD scans indicate that there are higher levels of stored energy within the normal regions, compared to the abnormal regions. These observations suggest that AGC occurs in regions where dynamic recrystallization does not happen and where recrystallization during solution heat treatment is affected by the local particle distribution.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2014
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