Degradation of Alumina and Magnesia Chrome refractory bricks in Portland cement kiln – Corrected version*
1 Laboratory of applied solid state chemistry, Faculy of science Rabat, University Mohammed V Agdal Morocco
2 Laboratory of Physical Chemistry, Calalysis and Environment, Faculy of Science Rabat, University Mohammed V Agdal Morocco
In cement plants, the refractory products are particularly confronted to partially liquid oxide phases at temperature ranging between 900°C and 1700°C. All constituents of these products have to resist not only to thermal constraints, but also to the thermochemical solicitations which result from contact material/coating. In order to study the phenomenon of degradation of refractory bricks in cement kilns and to identify the causes of their degradation, we proceed to the examination of industrial cases in cement kiln. Many chemical tests of the degraded refractory bricks have been done and the results acquired were compared to the ones not used. The analysis of the results is doing using different techniques (Loss of ignition, X-ray Fluorescence, X-ray Diffraction). The results show that the degradation of the used bricks in the clinkering and cooling zone is due to the infiltration of aggressive elements such us sulphur, alkali (Na2O, K2O ...). The chemical interaction between the Portland clinker phases and refractory material has also an importance on the stability of the coating and consequently on the life of the refractories.
This corrected version replaces the article Degradation of Alumina and Magnesia Chrome refractory bricks in Portland cement kiln, MATEC Web of Conferences 11 01015 (2014), DOI: 10.1051/matecconf/20141101015, which has been formally withdrawn.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2014
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 2.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.