An experimental study of the effect of surface morphology on squeal occurrence
1 Laboratoire de Mécanique de Lille – École Centrale de Lille – Cité Scientifique, 59651 Villeneuve d'Ascq, France
2 Laboratoire de Mécanique de Lille – École Polytechnique Universitaire de Lille (Polytech Lille), 59651 Villeneuve d'Ascq, France
3 School of Mechanical Engineering, Beihang University, No. 37 Xueyuan Road, Haidian District, Beijing, China
4 Laboratoire de Tribologie et de Dynamique des Systèmes, Ecole Centrale de Lyon, 36 avenue Guy de Collongue, 69134 Ecully Cedex, France
Squealing is a major matter of concern for environmental issues and the raised expectations for superior performances in braking systems. Squealing, as well as other types of noise nuisances, contributes to noise pollution and leads to additional expenses for phonic isolation. Brake squeal noise, which is defined as noise at frequency higher than 1000 Hz, occurs if the system has very high amplitude of mechanical vibration with sound pressure level above 80 dB. It involves instable vibrations, which are quite well understood as a result of mode couplings between the rubbing parts. These mode couplings are allowed by modal frequency shifts induced by the changes of sliding contact conditions. Nonetheless, the origin of squeal occurrence remains misunderstood as many parameters have to be taken into account, making it virtually impossible to predict when a squeal noise will appear or disappear. The strong coupling between structure and material, the continual change of the materials surfaces (chemistry and morphology), the influence of external parameters (temperature, pressure, hygrometry) all play a role in squealing. As a consequence, research on squealing is empirical by nature. Following this, one of the main goals in braking sciences is to determine the set of conditions on the parameters that provoke the start or the end of a squealing noise.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2013
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