Preparation, characterization of Mo catalysts supported on Ni- containing calcium deficient hydroxyapatite and reactivity for the thiophene HDS reaction
Université Hassan II, Faculté des Sciences Aïn-Chock, BP. 5366, Mâarif Casablanca, Maroc
Ni-containing Calcium Hydroxyapatite (NiCaHAp; 3.31 wt.% Ni) was synthesized by coprecipitation and used as catalyst support. Molybdenum was supported on NiCaHAp by impregnation using ammonium heptamolybdate. The prepared catalysts Mo(x)/NiCaHAp (x: 2 to 8 wt % in Mo) were characterized by elemental analysis, XRD, FT-IR, N2 adsorption-desorption and TEM-EDX. The catalysts were sulfided in-situ at 673 K under flowing H2S/H2 (15 Vol.% H2S) and tested in hydrodesulfurization (HDS) of thiophene at 673 K. The main XRD peaks of hydroxyapatite CaHAp phase were observed in all samples and a peak due probably to crystalline MoO3 phase was also identified from the results. However, no crystalline phase of NiO was found for the catalysts, which showed its Ni species were highly dispersed. The sulfided catalysts Mo(x)/NiCaHAp presented are active in HDS of thiophene, despite the presence of some large MoO3 crystallites and incomplete sulfidation. This activity may be due to interaction of NiO and MoO3 on CaHAp resulting in the formation of Ni-Mo-S phase under flowing H2S/H2. When the molybdenum content increased the HDS activity increasead slightly, which was caused by the agglomeration of MoO3. The Mo(8)/NiCaHAp catalyst is about two times less active for thiophene HDS than the commercial NiMoP/Al2O3.
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