FTIR spectroscopy and X-ray powder diffraction characterization of microcrystalline cellulose obtained from alfa fibers
1 Chimie appliquée, Ecole Militaire Polytechnique E.M.P., B.P 17 Bordj-El-Bahri, Alger, Algérie
2 LERMAB, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université de Lorraine, 54506 Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy, France
Many cereal straws have been used as raw materials for the preparation of microcrystalline cellulose (MCC). These raw materials were gradually replaced with wood products; nevertheless about 10% of the world overall pulp production is obtained from non-wood raw material. The main interest in pulp made from straw is that it provides excellent fibres for different industries with special properties, and that it is the major available source of fibrous raw material in some geographical areas.
The aim of the present work was to characterize microcrystalline cellulose prepared from alfa fibers using the hydrolysis process. The products obtained are characterized with FTIR spectroscopy and X-ray powder diffraction.
As a result, FTIR spectroscopy is an appropriate technique for studying changes occurred by any chemical treatment. The spectrum of alfa grass stems shows the presence of lignin and hemicelluloses. However, the cellulose spectrum indicates that the extraction of lignin and hemicellulose was effective. The X-ray analysis indicates that the microcrystalline cellulose is more crystalline than the source material.
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