Properties of Portland-Composite Cements with metakaolin: Commercial and manufactured by Thermal Activation of Serbian Kaolin Clay
1 Institute for testing of materials, Management, Belgrade, Serbia
2 Institute for testing of materials, Department for materials, Belgrade, Serbia
Portland-composite cements (CEM II) were prepared with addition of 5 to 35% of metakaolin (MK), manufactured by thermal activation/calcination of Serbian kaolin clay, and commercial matakaolin (CMK). Performance of the composite cements was evaluated, through the setting time (initial and final), compressive strengths (for ages 2, 7, 28, 90 and 180 days) and soundness, and compared with control cement (Portland cement – CEM I). Setting time (initial and final) is accelerated in Portlandcomposite cements, for both metakaolins used. The acceleration is higher in cement with addition of commercial metakaolin. Lower compressive strength is obtained after 2 days of curing for all Portland-composite cements in comparison with control cement, since pozzolanic reaction still did not show its effect. After 7 days, pozzolanic reaction show its effect, manifested as compressive strength increase of Portland-composite cements with addition of up to 35% of CMK, and 25% in the case of cements with MK. After 28 days compressive strength was higher than that for control cement for cements prepared with addition of CMK, and with addition of up to 25% MK. After 90 days increased compressive strength was noticed with addition of 10 - 20% of CMK, and with 10 and 15% of MK, while after 180 days addition of both metakaolins influences compressive strength decrease. The results of the soundness, 0.5 mm for CEM I, and 1.0 mm in most Portland-composite cements indicate soundness increase with addition of metakaolins. Generally, better performance of Portland-composite cements was obtained with addition of commercial metakaolin, which may be attributed to the differences in the pozzolanic activity of the applied metakaolins, 20.5 MPa and 14.9 MPa for CMK and MK, respectively. By our previous findings pozzolanic activity of the thermally activated clay may be increased by subsequent milling of the metakaolin manufactured by thermal activation process.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2012