Nonlinear dynamics of nanoelectromechanical cantilevers based on nanowire piezoresistive detection
1 FEMTO-ST Institute – UMR CNRS 6174, 24, chemin de l’Épitaphe, F-25000 Besançon, France
2 CEA/LETI – MINATEC, Grenoble, France
3 Université de Lyon, CNRS, INSA-Lyon, LaMCoS UMR5259, F-69621 Villeurbanne, France
a e-mail: email@example.com
The nonlinear dynamics of in-plane nanoelectromechanical cantilevers based on silicon nanowire piezoresistive detection is investigated using a comprehensive analytical model that remains valid up to large displacements in the case of electrostatic actuation. This multiphysics model takes into account geometric, inertial and electrostatic nonlinearities as well as the fringing field effects which are significant for thin resonators. The bistability as well as multistability limits are considered in order to provide close-form expressions of the critical amplitudes. Third order nonlinearity cancellation is analytically inspected and set via an optimal DC drive voltage which permits the actuation of the NEMS beyond its critical amplitude. It may result on a large enhancement of the sensor performances by driving optimally the nanocantilever at very large amplitude, while suppressing the hysteresis.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2012